Return to KS1 Curriculum


The national curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • become fluent in maths and can recall and apply mathematics accurately
  • reason mathematically
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics

The lesson structure may vary from day to day and may consist of whole class or group activities based on a key learning objective. Maths is divided into seven strands as follows:-

Number and Place Value

Emphasis is given to practical experiences of number (using real objects) to enable children to understand and use number. Different aspects of number are taught so that children understand and can use our number system to count, read, write and order numbers to 100 and beyond! They will learn to count forward and back in different steps and from different starting points and to understand place value and the value of numbers in our number system. Children need to explore patterns in a variety of ways, which helps them to understand relationships between numbers.

Number – Addition and Subtraction

Children are taught to solve problems with addition and subtraction using concrete objects and pictorial representations. They will learn to recall number facts fluently and apply their increasing knowledge to mental and written methods.

Number – Multiplication & Division

Children are taught to recall and use multiplication facts; recognise odd and even numbers; calculate using multiplication and division. They will learn to write mathematical statements using multiplication (x) division (÷) and equals (=) signs. They will learn about the relationship between multiplication and division and to find pattern and relationships within our counting system and use this knowledge to solve problems.

Number – Fractions

Children recognise, find, name and write fractions in different contexts such as length, shape, objects or quantity.


Children are given a range of practical opportunities to develop measuring skills in size, length, height, weight, capacity and volume using standard measuring units. They will also learn to recognise and use money; tell the time, sequence events chronologically using appropriate language and use language relating to dates (days, months and years).

Geometry – Properties of shapes

Children are taught to recognise, name and compare common 2-D and 3-D shapes. They explore and learn about the properties of these shapes. Children are given opportunities for building, constructing, investigating and sorting with a variety of materials and shapes.

Position and Direction

Children are taught to describe position, direction and movement, including left and right, up and down, forwards and backwards. They learn about the concept of angles by applying rotation (whole, half, quarter and three quarter turns).